The food we eat is the fuel that runs our body, it gives us the energy to do routine chores, helps us in doing different activities that require both physical and mental efforts. A normal diet for any person comprises of fresh vegetables and fruits, grains, cereals; dairy products like milk, cheese; animal products like meat, fish, eggs and, the list goes on. Each of these food components does have a nutritional value attached to it, which is important to live a healthy life.
Here are some examples, vegetables like spinach, broccoli are enriched in proteins; rice, bread and cereals give us carbohydrates and, dairy foods such as butter, cream and meat fulfil nutritional value of fats.
The job of a dietitian or nutritionist comprises of making a diet plan for you and, monitoring your diet intake and addressing nutrition issues. The nutrition & best Personal Trainer fitness at Fitness7Chakras possess adequate knowledge and our expertise to assist you with any issues you might be facing related to diet and nutrition. In this blog post, we are going to share with you the role played by fats in the human body. Why are fats so important for the body? Different types of fats? Things to remember while consuming fat based foods and, so on.
What Are Fats?
Fats are one of the major nutrient component required by human beings. Fats based food products are essential for survival, it serves important metabolic functions in the body and also, act as great energy storage in the human body. In science terminology, fats are classified as ‘lipids’ that are molecules consist primarily of carbon and hydrogen atoms. Fats molecules are normally hydrophobic, can be mixed in organic solvents but, doesn’t dissolve in water.
Types of Fats
In this section, we are going to tell you about different types of fats and the food sources from where we can obtain it.
Fats can be categorised into three forms – Saturated Fats, Unsaturated Fats, and Trans Fats. Let’s explore these further and see from what foods source we can obtain these fats.
Saturated Fats – Both the animal-based products and outside manufactured-packaged foods belongs to the category of saturated fats. Dairy-based products like butter, milk, eggs, meat, pork, etc are few examples of saturated fats based foods. Deep-fried foods like french- fries, pizzas, hamburgers, pastries are few more examples come under this category.
One should avoid high-intake of saturated fats based foods as they increase the risk of heart disease and increase cholesterol levels in the body.
Unsaturated Fats – Plant-based products like legumes, grains, peanuts, carrots, lettuce, potatoes are examples of unsaturated fats. Some other examples of unsaturated fats are fish, plants oil based products like soyabean, olive; almonds, cashew nuts, walnuts. Plants based products got much preference over the animal-based foods as they have more health benefits like – reducing cholesterol levels, minimising risks of cardiac arrest. They serve as an important part of a daily healthy diet.
Trans Fats – Trans fats based food products can actually be considered as a subclass of saturated fats based foods. It basically includes processed foods like fried foods; packaged foods like chips, cookies.
t’s always advised to replace both saturated and trans fats based foods with the unsaturated based food as they serve as a more healthier alternative.
Importance of Fats
There is no undenying fact, that fats act as an important building block in the effective functioning of our body.
Vitamin Absorption Apart from being served as a major contributor for survival, fats also work as a vitamins ‘absorbing’ mechanism in our body. Our body does require vitamins like vitamin A, D, E and K that are ‘fat-soluble’ in nature and can only be absorbed when intake properly. Each of this vitamin performs a specific function in our body like Vitamin A looks after a healthy eye-vision; Vitamin D is a must for bones as it aids in calcium absorption and, Vitamin K helps in blood clotting. So, it’s important to ensure a healthy intake of required daily fat in our diet otherwise, deficiency may lead to impaired functioning.
An Energy Warehouse Though carbohydrates in our body work as fuel in our body, when we are lacking carbohydrates, our body turned to fats as an energy reserve. When we consume our diet and it produces energy not all get exhausted, a little fraction is used and rest of it get stored in our body.
Body Insulator and Temperature Regulator Fats cells stored in our body not only protect us from external environmental factors like heat but, also help in sustaining a normal body temperature. Also, additional fats storage around vital organs protects from a sudden shock or outer environment impact.
Fats as a source of the nutritionary component is an important dietary requirement. Getting a required fat in your daily diet is absolutely essential to stay healthy and fit. Fats help you in keeping your skin and hair healthy. It also adds taste to your food and keeps you satisfied for a long time after you complete your meal.
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